A new, improved portrait of Hubble's deepest-ever view of the universe, called the eXtreme Deep Field, or XDF, in the constellation Fornax


The Universe and Us

I want to start this by asking you to look at the photo here.  Few years ago some scientists pointed the Hubble Deep Space telescope into what looked like an empty part of space. This is the picture they got from it.

It looks like a lot of stars, but actually there are only a few stars in that picture. The rest are galaxies–ten thousand, give or take a thousand. One of these galaxies is the furtherest away from us–13.4 billion light years away. You probably know this, but a light year is the distance a ray of light travels in one year. Now just to give you an idea of how fast that is, imagine you could shoot a bullet that would go all the way around the world, and hit you in the back after it made its trip. (Obviously this is an accidental shooting.) Now if the bullet were traveling at regular speed, around 17,00 mph, it would take it about 14 and half hours to get back to you. At the speed of light, it would go through you eight times before you could fall to the ground. So it took the light from that galaxy more than 13 billion years to get here. In other words, when we look at this picture, we are looking at light that is between a billion and thirteen billion years old.



Now each of these points of light in the picture is a galaxy. Our galaxy is the Milky way, which contains between 200 and 400 billion stars, and maybe as many as 100 billion planets. This small area of space that the Hubble Telescope photographed, contains around 10,000 galaxies.

Our minds really cannot grasp that. If the sun were the size of a basketball, then Mercury, the closest planet, would be the size of a pin, and 12 yards away. That is about right here. Venus would be 22 yards away, still the size of the head of a pin, and earth would be 31 yards away. Mars would be 47 yards away, about half the length of a football field. Jupiter would 162 years, a football field and a half. Saturn clocks in at 297 yards, three football fields. Uranus is a third of a mile away, Neptune is half a mile away, which is the distance between here and the I-5 bridge over Hawthorne Park. Pluto, which is no longer a planet, would be about three fourths a mile away, which is the distance between and the Tinsel Town Cinemas (or Butter Cloud Bakery, whichever you prefer.)

The nearest star would be 4,300 miles away. That is about almost a thousand miles more than the distance between Medford, and Key West, Florida.

This is the universe we find ourselves in. Does it make you feel small?

Well, let’s stay on the earth. Scientists reckon the earth is four and half billion years old. Imagine if we could scrunch all that time into a 24-hour day. The very first life would appear around 4 am. Between four am and the 8:30 pm, almost nothing happens. At 8:30 we get the first microbes, followed 20 minutes later by the first jelly fish. Around 10 pm, we start to get plants, and by 10:24 we get trees. Dinosaurs show up around 11 pm, and have their fifteen minutes in the sun. We start to see the first mammals around 11:39. The first human appears one minute and seventeen seconds before midnight, and all of recorded human history takes place just a few seconds before midnight.

We are a blip on this earth, compared to mountains, seas, and the first vestiges of life.

As wide as the universe is, and as old as it is, what are human beings? We are an insignificant speck.

Trinity Sunday–the Ineffable complexity of God

And what if we bring God into the picture?

Today is Trinity Sunday. We get to sing Holy, Holy, Holy, and I get to wax eloquent, or incomprehensible, and about Trinitarian theology. We sang Holy, holy, holy, but I am not going to go into the theology of the Trinity. All I will say is that compared to the universe, God is infinitely more complex. Just like we cannot really wrap our heads about what 13.4 billion light years is like, nor can we wrap our heads about the Triune God of creation who formed the universe.

This universe we live in helps us understand God, and the glory of God. As we reflect, as best we can, on the vastness of creation, we are quickly reminded that God is more vast than the universe. As we reflect on time, and how long the universe has been in existence, we are reminded that our creator existed before the universe, outside of time, which is also something else we cannot wrap our heads around.

Listen to the words of Psalm 8,

O LORD, our Sovereign,

how majestic is your name in all the earth!

You have set your glory above the heavens.

When I look at your heavens, the work of your fingers,

the moon and the stars that you have established;

what are human beings that you are mindful of them?

So who are we? To quote this Psalm in the Old King James, “What is man, that thou art mindful of him?”

Given all I have so to this point, what is our role in creation? Given what I have said about the vastness of creation and of God, where do we fit into the picture? What is our place in the universe, and in the eyes of God?

Psalm 8 gives us that answer:

…you have made them a little lower than God,

and crowned them with glory and honor.

We are fearfully and wonderfully made.

You may know that thought activity in the human brain is composed of neurons firing in our heads. There are more neurons in your head than there are stars in our galaxy. Each neuron is connected to other neurons by synapses, and each neuron has around 40,000 synapses. There are more connections in your brain than there are stars in the universe! The activity in one brain alone, your brain, is more complex than the workings of the universe. Each one of you has a universe of activity in your heads.

The Psalmist says we were made just a little lower than God. In his first letter to the Corinthians, Paul is lambasting some members of the church for bringing lawsuits against other members. And in the middle of his screed, he says something very strange: Do you not know that we are to judge angels–to say nothing of ordinary matters?

We are extraordinary beings!


What does that mean for us?

Well, first it means that the most important thing in our lives are relationships.  Every time I preach on Trinity Sunday, I always say that one implication of a Triune God, who is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, is that the Christian God is defined by relationships. Without the Father, or the Son, or the Holy Spirit, the God of Christianity disappears. God is essentially a series of relationships.

We share the image of God, which means we have a kinship with one another. You are intimately related to every other human being, whether they are the person sitting next to you in the pew, the person sitting in city hall and other halls of power, the person sitting on a bench in Alba Park, the person sitting in a prison, the people sitting around your table at home, or the person sitting in a detention center in Texas or Arizona. We are all one, just as the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are one.


Now only are we in relationship with one another, we are also in a relationship with all creation. And we have a special relationship to creation. Most beings live within creation. God has put us over creation.

The Psalmist says, when talking about human beings:

You have given them dominion over the works of your hands;

you have put all things under their feet,

This is just not a theological assertion. You can see it as you look around the world. Humans are capable of mastering many, many aspects of creation. We are the only species that is able to take two separate elements of creation, and mix them together to make a third thing. We do that in everything from cooking to metallurgy. But the theology gives us a context for our dominion over nature.

The Psalmist uses language here that is very specific. The Hebrew words refer to the role of a king, and in the Greek translation of the Old Testament, the translators use the Greek word “crowned.” The Psalmist is not saying we have power over nature. That is a secular understanding. The Psalmist is saying that we are like kings and queens over nature. This is different from saying we have power over nature.

What is the difference? If the Psalmist were just saying we have power over nature, that implies our power is rather unlimited. There are natural boundaries to our power. We cannot go faster than the speed of light, we cannot go back in time, we cannot turn lead into gold. We have to obey the laws of gravity and thermodynamics. But other than that, our power is limitless.

But a king or queen–that is different. Royalty does have power, and that was especially true when the Psalmist wrote this. But a king or queen also has a strong sense of responsibility for their subjects. In the biblical sense, that means they are responsible for the general welfare of the people. If the people suffer, it is the sovereign’s job to alleviate that suffering. If the people are under attack, is it the sovereign’s job to defend them.

The king or queen also has a responsibility to God. The Bible actually rates the kings of Israel and Judah according to their faithfulness to God. Some of the kings, who led their people to economic prosperity were ranked very low on the scale of the biblical standard, because they were not faithful to God.

So what is this biblical standard? It was actually pretty simple. First, to worship no idols themselves. Second, to keep the people from worshiping idols. For the third, I am going to read a part of another Psalm, Psalm 72. This Psalm was written when Solomon became king after David, and was a prayer for the success of his reign.

Here is part of it.

8 May he [the king] have dominion from sea to sea,

    and from the River to the ends of the earth.

9 May his foes bow down before him,

    and his enemies lick the dust.

10 May the kings of Tarshish and of the isles

    render him tribute,

may the kings of Sheba and Seba

    bring gifts.

11 May all kings fall down before him,

    all nations give him service.

Why is the king receiving all these accolades?

12 For he delivers the needy when they call,

    the poor and those who have no helper.

13 He has pity on the weak and the needy,

    and saves the lives of the needy.

14 From oppression and violence he redeems their life;

    and precious is their blood in his sight.

This is the kind of king God seeks. And when the Psalmist says we have dominion over the earth, that we are kings and queens of creation, this is the kind of rule God desires. As kings over creation, we will worship no idols, and we will care for our subjects, especially when they are powerless and need someone to care for them.

What does this mean for us, as we exercise dominion over creation?


Creation Needs Our Care

Currently there is an island of plastic floating in the Pacific that covers an area of 617,800 square miles. Now to put that in perspective, the state of Oregon is 98,466 square miles. This island of plastic is 6 and quarter times larger than Oregon. It is almost four times the size of the state of California!

On Thursday of this week, in one day, 2 billion tons of ice melted in Greenland. The 20 warmest years since they started measuring this occurred in the last 22 years. The last five years have been the hottest five years on record. When I lived in Alaska, we could see it getting warmer year by year. The year before we left they had a record number of 70 degree days. The next year we had a record number of 80 degree days, and the next year was a record number of 90 degree days, and now they are having record numbers of 100 degree days. In Fairbanks, Alaska!

It is natural to have one to five species go extinct every year. That is to be expected. That is a natural baseline number. But these days species are going extinct at 1,000 times that rate. Now the species going extinct are not elephants, or lions or other big animals, although many of their numbers are falling. They are much smaller species, the ones we do not notice. But when the smaller species go extinct, that affects the whole food chain.

In other words, the earth is hurting. Creation is hurting. That is the bad news.



But remember who we are! We are just a little lower than God! We are kings and queens of creation! We have the capacity to be benevolent rulers. There are things we can do. Angelee and I are looking for ways we can reduce plastics in our lives, ways we use less energy, ways we can lower any negative impact on our creation. The church has replaced all our florescent lights with led lighting. The education committee is working on a way of talking about Earth care, so we can all learn more about what we can do. Right now Angelee and I working on a home Bible study for ourselves, that gives some ideas for how we can better exercise responsible sovereignty.

Some we can do are easy. Some take sacrifice. But that is what it means to be a sovereign. We are not powerless. We don’t have to just let all this happen.

“…with great power there must also come — great responsibility!”

That is a quote from the comic book Spiderman, but it is one of those sayings that resonates far beyond who said it. We have great power. Let us also exercise great responsibility.



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Out of this World



Sailing Ships

About ten years ago I started reading the novels of Patrick O’Brien. If you are familiar with his work, you know he writes about the captain of a sailing ship in the early 1800s. He writes about the ship as if you already know what a mizzen, a fighting top, or fo’c’sle is. Now I have done a little sailing in my time, in small boats, but his books sent me to the Internet so I could know what he was writing about when he says the foresail ripped, and slung around the top, tearing the stay, and pulling the bowsprit.

But the thing that really impressed me when I read his accounts of sailing ships in the 19th century was how much work and knowledge it takes to run one. Every one of the crew has responsibilities, and if they don’t carry them out to a T, the ship will be one heckuva mess. It won’t go anywhere, and will just circle around in the harbor. Many of the men on the boats have been working on ships since they were children.

On the other hand, the men can work all they want, they can do everything perfectly, but if there is no wind, the ship will move. Oh they can row it, and sometimes they did have to row boats out of a harbor, but wind was what they needed if they wanted to sail the bounding seas. A ship could be making its way to the New World, making excellent time, but if the wind died, they were dead in the water.

When I think of the mission of the church, I think of sailing ships. There is a lot to do. Running a food bank, a Wednesday Night Live program, Jazz Vespers, or a housing program is as complicated as getting a sailing ship from one place to another. People have to know what they are doing, and there is a lot of work to do. But without the Holy Spirit, we have no wind in our sails, and eventually find ourselves dead in the water.


The Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Trinity: Father, Son, Holy Spirit. If you remember when I preached on this in Lent, I said that the King James Version of the Bible uses the words “Holy Ghost,” but the reason they do is because back then English was much more dependent on German for its vocabulary. The German word for Spirit is geist, and they refer to the Holy Spirit as the Heilige Geist, whereas the Latin is Spiritum Sanctum, and over time the English word Ghost become used more for creatures like Caspar, while the word Spirit began to refer more and more to God’s Spirit, or the spirit of people.

The Holy Spirit is found all over the Bible, not just the New Testament. In the Old Testament, at the beginning of Creation, the Spirit hovered over the waters, and was said to come upon prophets and kings throughout the Bible.

In the New Testament, we see the work of the Spirit from beginning to end. In the early chapters of Matthew and Luke, we read that Jesus is conceived by the Holy Spirit, and at the end of the Gospels, promises the Spirit to his disciples. “You will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes upon you,” he tells them. Meaning the Holy Spirit will be the wind in their sails as they do ministry and establish the church. The last few verses of Revelation, the last book of the Bible, says, “The Spirit and the bride say, “Come.”

And let everyone who hears say, “Come.”

And let everyone who is thirsty come.

Let anyone who wishes take the water of life as a gift.”

That is God’s final promise to us in the Bible, that the Spirit will call us to the waters of life.

And in between Genesis and Revelation there is a wealth of material on the Holy Spirit, and how the Holy Spirit works in humanity. Paul writes of the gifts of the Spirit, which include wise counsel, clear understanding, simple trust, healing the sick, miraculous acts, proclamation, distinguishing between spirits, tongues, interpretation of tongues. He also talks about the fruit of the spirit: love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. If you want to know if the Holy Spirit is at work in a church, look for these things, not the size of their building, or the number of people they get into the pew every week. If you want to know whether God is at work in a person, or a ministry, look at these things: love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.If those things are absent, then so is the Spirit.


I have heard and preached sermons on Pentecost

I have heard and preached sermons on Pentecost where it was asked, “If the Holy Spirit were absent from your church, what would you miss?”

Imagine a world where we lost all our knowledge of music. We had not instruments, we did not know what singing is, even things like drumbeats were unknown to us. And imagine that we found a treasure trove of music scores that survived whatever caused us to lose the knowledge of music. On the back of the our musical appreciate list is a small part of the score to   Beethoven’s Sixth Symphony, the Pastoral Symphony. Look at it. Can you make heads or tails of it? Some of you can, but for those of you who cannot read music, these are all just squiggles on a page. If you had the whole score, you could discern patterns and repetitions. You might even appreciate the order of the marks on the page. But you would know nothing of Beethoven’s Sixth.

A spiritual life without the Holy Spirit is something like that. It is like notes on a page without any appreciation of what the music those notes represent is really like. I have met pastor in my time, and fortunately not many of them, for whom preaching was an exercise in motivational speaking, or a source of entertainment, or even just something they had to do every Sunday morning. They had little understanding of the Spirit behind it. Sometimes some of my sermons may come off that way. Because you cannot control the Holy Spirit.


No Three Point Program

I wish I could give you a three point program on how to get the Holy Spirit into your life, or into the life of this church. I wish I could give you some kind of formula on how to pull the Holy Spirit into you. But it doesn’t work that way.

When I was still in graduate school, I was a part of a singles group in a church. It was a great group, full of people who I would say were spirit-filled people. Our program was going strong, and the leaders of the group decided we would plan a weekend retreat for the group. We found a place to hold the retreat, and we put down a deposit for a weekend we had chosen. Everything was going great. The church supported us, and the group was excited about the retreat.

Then the leadership team got together to plan the program for the retreat; to choose a topic, and a speaker. And that is where it all fell apart. We could not agree on a topic. We could not agree on a speaker. Our meeting was not contentious. It was just frustratingly unproductive. We. Were. Stuck.

So we ended up doing something that surprised everyone, including ourselves. We decided to cancel the retreat. We paid the deposit for the camp back to the church out of our own pockets, which was a pretty big sacrifice for us. We realizes that, for reasons we could not understand, the Holy Spirit was not with us.

So we waited. About six months later, at one of our planning sessions, someone brought us the idea of the retreat again. We all kind of groaned inside, or at least I did, but the conversation went incredibly well. Ideas flowed easily, and before we knew it, we had all agreed on a topic, as well as a speaker. We put another deposit back on the camp. We announced it to the group, and every bunk in the camp was full. The speaker was all we hoped for, and the retreat was, by all accounts, a smashing success.

What changed? The presence of the Holy Spirit. Our first, failed planning session was like trying to row a canoe upstream a terribly swift river. The second time it was like flowing down the same river. It took none of our energy. We depended on the energy of the spirit. We had not done anything wrong the first time. But the spirit was not in it. The second time we felt the Holy Spirit guiding us.

The same can be said of ministries here. Many have flowed as easily as canoeing downstream. Others have been a struggle.

Now that is not to say we should not work hard at everything we do. Remember the sailing ship I talked about earlier? But it does mean that when God is in it, when the Spirit is present, we can feel the difference in our work. You still have to paddle when you go down stream. But the paddling is a lot easier!



There Are Three Things

That said, there are three things we can do to make sure we are working with the Spirit. The first is to pray. If we are not praying about the ministries we are engaged in, from our music program to our social outreaches, we are going to find it hard slogging. Prayer will ease the way. Prayer invites in the Holy Spirit, it makes a place for the Spirit to work.

We can wait. God’s timing is not always our timing. Sometimes we get all excited about something, or we caught up in the latest emergency, and we act before the Spirit is involved. I am especially prone to that! But there are times when we just have to wait.

And then we act with all boldness. Just because the Spirit is involved does not mean we will have success by the standards of the world. In the Gospel lesson this morning we heard Jesus say that the Spirit is “the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him.” The world will not always understand or appreciate what we do. That is because we are led by a power that is out of this world.

The world thinks of music as entertainment. For us, it is a special type of worship. The world values prestige and power. We value the worth of every human being, especially those with no prestige or power. The world values things that produce tangible results. We value relationships before results. The world values people who have a lot. We value people who give what little they may have.

The Holy Spirit is the basis for all we do. Without the Holy Spirit, we are a musical score, without the actual music, we are a ship that is dead in the water.


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Ecclesiastes for Everyday: Day 20

The one where Qohelet talks about work.



18 Look, I have seen what is good: it is fitting to eat and drink and find enjoyment in all the toil with which one toils under the sun the few days of the life God gives us; for this is our share. 19 Also all to whom God gives wealth and possessions and whom he enables to enjoy them, and to accept their lot and find enjoyment in their toil—this is the gift of God. 20 For they will scarcely brood over the days of their lives, because God keeps them occupied with the joy of their hearts.



Finally! Qohelet tells us what is good!

Actually he has mentioned this before and now he come back to it. Eat, drink, and find enjoyment in your work.

I am pretty sure he is on to something important here. We spend close to the majority of our adult lives working. Our work is one of the most important things we do. It is central to who we are, as I have mentioned before.

A long time ago I decided that I would never choose my career solely based on how much money I could make. No one can really pay me what I am worth, and since I am spending much of my time at work, it is better to enjoy what I do rather than how much I make. I have been blessed in that I have liked or loved almost every job I have had, even my summer jobs in college and graduate school.

About ten years ago one of my parishioners came to me and said, “After I heard your sermon last week, I decided to quit my job.” To be honest I was scared. I could not remember what I said, and I knew this man had a family to support, and I was afraid I might be the cause of much suffering for them. But he went on.

“You asked us, ‘What would you do if you had a million dollars?’” I remembered saying that. “And then you said, ‘Why are you waiting for the money? If it’s really worth doing, then don’t wait for something that may never happen. Just go and do it.’ When you asked that question, the first thing I thought was that I would quit my job. I realized how strongly I felt that, and how much I hated my work. Then I realized I would never get a million dollars, but I can start looking for a new job.”

I was relieved he was not going to quit his job that very day, but he started the search on the Monday after the sermon. And within a month he found a new job, one he really liked. He moved up in that job, and became the head of his department. He continued to move up, and became in charge of the whole division. He ended up moving twice, and each time was a large promotion. He was moving up because he loved what he was doing, and other people could see that.

He realized what Qohelet did—one of the secrets to a fulfilling life is to enjoy what you do.

At the end of this section, Qohelet says that when we love what we do, we become preoccupied with it, and don’t have time to brood over the things we don’t have, or about what the future will bring. There are few things as fulfilling as a hard day at working doing something we enjoy.

Thoughts and Questions

  1. This is well and good for most people, but what about people who cannot find meaningful work? Someone has to pick up the garbage and clean the sewer systems. Is it possible that there is a meaningful job for every person? Is it possible that all jobs can be meaningful or enjoyable for someone?
  2. I have focused this discussion on work, but I don’t think that Qohelet is limiting what he says to paid labor. Can we do this in retirement?
  3. Are you enjoying the things that you do on a daily basis? What do you find enjoyable? If not, what you can do to change that?
Posted in Devotional, Ecclesiastes, Ecclesiastes for Everyone, Lent, Lenten Devotional, Spiritual Growth, spirituality, Uncategorized, Work | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ecclesiastes for Everyday: Day 19

The one where Qohelet talks about money and wealth 



13 There is a grievous ill that I have seen under the sun: riches were kept by their owners to their own detriment, 14 and those riches were lost in a bad venture; though they are parents of children, they have nothing in their hands. 15 As they came from their mother’s womb, so they shall go again, naked as they came; they shall take nothing for their toil, which they may carry away with their hands. 16 This also is a grievous ill: just as they came, so shall they go; and what gain do they have from toiling for the wind? 17 Besides, all their days they eat in darkness, in much vexation and sickness and resentment.


In Mexico a group of kids were playing in a dump, and found some interesting metal balls that resembled marbles. They took them home, and over the next few weeks played with them. They and their families started getting sick. Soon their neighbors were getting sick.

It turned out that the marbles were radioactive pellets from a local medical center. The people who were supposed to take care of the waste cut corners, and threw it in the local dump. The shiny marbles were, in the end, instruments of death.

Qohelet looked in the lives of people around him and saw a different poison—wealth.[i] People were hoarding wealth, which had become an instrument of harm rather than of good. The Bible is consistently clear on this point—money, in and of itself, is not bad. But it can lead to great evil. The love of money, as Paul says in Timothy, is the root of all evil. Jesus said it was easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter heaven. The Old Testament prophets, especially Amos, warn people that there money is going to separate them from the good things that God has for them.

As Qohelet sees it, the problem gets worse. A person accumulates great wealth, and then they lose it. The only thing worse than not having something is having it and losing it. Not only do the rich suffer when they lose their wealth—their children suffer as well.

The real tragedy here is when a person loses that very thing that gives their lives meaning. Remember, in the grand scheme of things, Qohelet sees all things as havel havelim—mere breath. Nothing is permanent. Everything is transitory, and can be lost. The tragedy of life is when we put too much stock in things that cannot sustain us. Again, this is not to say that money is bad. But it cannot sustain us over the long haul.

Now Qohelet is talking specifically about wealth, but this could apply to other things as well—family, a house, good health, pets, hobbies. All is, in the end, transitory. Anything we hoard, anything we value above all other things, has the ability to then poison us.

St. Augustine, after losing a very close friend, found the grief too much to bear, and decided he would never love another person again. That is also a mistake. The point is not to avoid all loves, but to love appropriately, knowing that in the end, all is havel, havelim.


Thoughts and Questions


  1. If you lost almost all your money, how would it affect your life? What would you be left with?
  2. In an episode of The Twilight Zone, a man loves to read, but is constantly thwarted by all the people around him—his wife, his boss, his co-workers. To make a long story short, there was a nuclear blast and he is left all alone. The only other intact building in the city is the public library, which for him is better than a gold mine. He is overjoyed, and makes stacks of the books he is planning to read. Finally he can read in peace. Just as he is picking up the first book in the first stack, he trips and breaks his glasses.


Breaking glasses would be a tragedy in any case, but in this case it is almost the ultimate tragedy. Why is the fact that he broke his glasses worse than the fact that he was the sole survivor of a nuclear blast?


[i] Israel was a cross roads for traders, and there were plenty of opportunities for at least some of its citizens to become very prosperous. Ecclesiastes was written in time when there was great wealth in the country, as well as inequality, and that forms part of the backdrop of Qohelet’s musings.


Posted in Devotional, Ecclesiastes, Ecclesiastes for Everyone, Lent, Lenten Devotional, Spiritual Growth, spirituality, Uncategorized, Wealth | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ecclesiastes for Everyday: Day 18

The One where Qohelet says that satisfaction is hard to come by.  

Screenshot from Satisfaction (I Can't Get No)

If you see in a province the oppression of the poor and the violation of justice and right, do not be amazed at the matter; for the high official is watched by a higher one, and there are yet higher ones over them. But all things considered, the gain of land is everything: a king is subject to a plowed field.


10 The lover of money will not be satisfied with money; nor the lover of wealth, with gain. This also is mere breath.

11 When goods increase, those who eat them increase; and what gain has their owner but to see them with his eyes?

12 Sweet is the sleep of laborers, whether they eat little or much; but the surfeit of the rich will not let them sleep.


Every day when I walk to work I go through the park across the church where a lot of our town’s homeless people hang out. I wonder if this is the best we can do for them. But I wonder what we can do for them. I’m afraid that one day I will get so used to seeing them that I will no longer really see them. They will just fade into an inevitable part of the landscape.

We may be so used to seeing the oppression of the poor that we don’t even notice it anymore. But in the Old Testament the treatment of the poor (in those days that meant orphans, widows and foreigners) was the hallmark of how successful and righteous the king was.[i]

Perhaps that was because people took care of one another in ancient Israel. (Many small towns in America used to be like that. When there was a need, people just pitched in to help.) And the king would set the example. But here Qohelet talks about seeing a place where the poor are not taken care of, and where there is little in the way of justice, and assumes that people would be astonished at that sad state of affairs.

“You shouldn’t be so surprised,” he says, and then gives a universal political rule. For every person in power, there is someone, or something, that has more power than they do.

In the song Badlands, Bruce Springsteen sings:

Poor man wanna be rich

rich man wanna be king

and a king ain’t satisfied ‘til he rules everything.”


But there are things that even a king cannot rule.

It may look like a king has ultimate authority, but even a king is subject to the law of the harvest. If the crops don’t grow, the king’s wealth and power diminishes. From there Qohelet tells us that the chasing after wealth is like chasing the wind. You things, and it is not long before you have more things than you can use. Either you are so busy working that you have no time to enjoy your things, or you have so many that you never get around to using them all.  Of what use are the things that you cannot use?

I look around my library as I write this. I have more books than I will ever be able to read, and yet I buy more. What good are they? They are good to look at, but that is about all. On my computer I have 112 days’ worth of music. I could listen to music, night and day, for 112 straight days! Who needs that much music? I don’t have time to go through a 112 day playlist. All I can do is look at the status bar that tells me I have 112 days worth of music, and then play the same 30 or 40 songs I usually listen to.

Mick Jagger was right. Getting satisfaction, true satisfaction, is hard.

The only good of many things is that we can see them with our eyes. They are like exercise equipment we never use. And of course, as Qohelet says, this is all like trying to herd the wind. It does not bring us any real fulfillment.

Thoughts and Questions

  1. It’s almost a tired cliché that riches do not bring us ultimate happiness, and yet we stubbornly cling to that notion. In Fiddler on the Roof, Perchek says, “money is the world’s curse,” and Tevye replied, “Then may God strike me down with it! And may I never recover!” What does money do for us? What does it not do?
  2. Qohelet says that if you look closely at a powerful person, you see someone even more powerful behind them. Who are the more powerful people (or things) that are behind you?
  3. Rabbi Shapiro writes, “The powerful protect their own, and there is no point getting worked up over this. Time spent trying to change the system is time wasted. Better to let the system consume itself through its own madness and folly while you focus on living well and wisely.” Do you disagree with this? If so, why?


[i] See Psalm 72. The king will know he has God’s favor because he treats the poor with justice, and the king will be acclaimed by the nations for the same reason. If you want guidance on how to pray for our political leaders, this is a good start. I pray this every day.

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Ecclesiastes for Everyday: Day 17


1Step carefully when you go to the house of God; to draw near to listen is better than the sacrifice offered by fools; for they don’t even know how to do evil, much less any good. 2 Be not rash with your mouth, nor let your heart be quick to utter a word before God, for God is in heaven, and you upon earth; therefore let your words be few.

For dreams come with much business, and a fool’s voice with much talk.

When you make a vow to God, do not delay fulfilling it; for he has no pleasure in fools. Fulfill what you vow. It is better that you should not vow than that you should vow and not fulfill it. Do not let your mouth lead you into sin, and do not say before the messenger that it was a mistake; why should God be angry at your words, and destroy the work of your hands?

When dreams multiply,
so do pointless thoughts and excessive speech.
Therefore, fear God.



In the Lord of the Rings, Bilbo Baggins says, ““It’s a dangerous business, going out your door. You step onto the road, and if you don’t keep your feet, there’s no knowing where you might be swept off to.”

Qohelet tells us it is a dangerous business going to church. “Step carefully when you go to the house of God.” He suggests we go to worship to listen rather than to speak, because rash statements made in the house of God will be taken very seriously. (That is why I write out all my sermons! I may not always be wise, but at least I am not rash!)

Jesus was even sharper in his words:

“Do not swear at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God, or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King. (Matthew 5:34, 35)

When I was a kid, if we really wanted someone to believe us, we would say, “I swear to God.” That did not always mean that we were telling the truth. In fact, if you have to say that, there is a good chance it is because people have a good reason to NOT believe what you say.

Qohelet says that if you do make a vow, you better fulfill it. There is an important principle going on behind his words. If being on heaven or earth knows us through and through, it is God. Lying to God is just like lying to yourself. Making a heartfelt promise that you really have no intention to keep to God is like making that promise to yourself. And anyone who lies to themselves, certainly cannot be trusted when they speak to others.

They destroy their own credibility from the inside out. The only thing worse than lying intentionally is lying, and believing your own lies. That person has no real knowledge of truth or falsehood. Qohelet says that they are so inept they can’t even do evil things, much less good things.

This one of the few places where he says that there are divine consequences for bad or good behavior. Remember earlier where he lamented that the wise man and the fool suffer the same fate? Here he implies there is a kind of divine justice that occurs when we speak about God, that it changes our fate in this world.

He ends this section with a penetrating observation: “When dreams multiply, so do pointless thoughts and excessive speech.” Sometimes we say of a person, “Ah, he’s just a dreamer!” meaning that the person is not grounded in reality. The antidote, says Qohelet, is to fear God. God is the ultimate reality, for when we encounter God honestly, we also encounter the deep parts of ourselves.


Thoughts and Questions

  1. Have you ever made a vow to God? What did you vow? Why did you make that vow to God? What are good reasons to make a vow to God? What are bad reasons?
  2. An East German (back when there was an East Germany) said that Americans do not value as much as they do. Our words, he said, are cheap because they cost us nothing. When an East German told the truth, they often had to suffer severe persecution from their government. So they were very careful with their words, and valued truth as a precious commodity. Do we in America undervalue truth? What are the consequences of that, if we do?
  3. Qohelet is not big on dreamers. Does this apply to people like Martin Luther King, who dreamed of a different world? If not, why not?




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Ecclesiastes for Everyday: Day 16

The one where Qohelet talks about wisdom and politics. 


13 Better is a poor but wise youth than an old but foolish king, who will no longer take advice. 14 One can indeed come out of prison to reign, even though born poor in the kingdom. 15 I saw all the living who, moving about under the sun, follow that youth who replaced the king; 16 there was no end to all those people whom he led. Yet those who come later will not rejoice in him. Surely this also is mere breath and like trying to herd the wind.


In King Lear Shakespeare writes of a king who asks his daughters how much they love him. The first two wax eloquent about their love for the king, their father. The third, Cordelia, is not given to excessive speech, and simply says:

You have begot me, bred me, loved me: I
Return those duties back as are right fit,
Obey you, love you, and most honour you.

She knows that wise speech means saying what you mean, and meaning what you say. King Lear, however, does not hear the truth in the plain language of Cordelia, but like a fool, falls for the insincere but beautiful words of her sisters. He banishes Cordelia.

As it turns out the two sisters are quite fickle in their love for the king, but Cordelia, true to her word, loves the king with an enviable constancy, even after her banishment. Lear dies, alone and mad, unable to undo the foolish action of trusting his insincere daughters.

Qohelet sounds like he knows people like Lear. Great in stature, but not in wisdom. He says that people will follow the wise youth rather than the foolish king.

Given the political climate in this country, and around the world, these are welcome words. To think that people would follow a wise, but inexperienced youth over a foolish king with many years under his belt is welcome to hear. Experience may be good, but sometimes experience just proves that we don’t really learn anything. When I first moved to Alaska I needed to get a car worked on, and a parishioner recommended a certain auto shop. “I take my car there all the time,” he said. “Four or five times a year!” I knew that this person drove a relatively new car, and wondered, if the mechanic was that good, why was my parishioner constantly having to bring his car in to be fixed by this guy? Beware the automobile mechanic who has a lot of “experience” with your car!

Wisdom can be a rare commodity, and when we find a wise person, we should figuratively set up our tents at their feet.

But Qohelet just cannot leave well enough alone. Yes, the people will do this, however it will not be long before they turn on the youth, looking for someone else to guide them. In other words, the people will not be satisfied with their rulers, no matter who they are, or how popular they once were. Sometimes we find out they have feet of clay, and we cannot live with the disappointment. Sometimes we just want something new. But as Qohelet is fond of saying, “There is nothing new under the sun.”

Politics is, like everything else, mere breath, havel havelim. It is an exercise in herding the wind.

Thoughts and Questions

  1. Qohelet says that the poor, but wise youth is better off than the foolish, rich king. That sounds nice, but is that true? (Kings have a lot of perks!)
  2. Qohelet says that the people will eventually turn on the poor, wise youth as a leader. People do tend to turn on their political leaders with alarming frequency. (It has been said, “if you want a friend in Washington, buy a dog.”) Why do we tend to do this?
  3. The Pirkei Avot (a Jewish text on ethics) says, “Beware the powerful. Their friendship is a matter of convenience.” In the previous section Qohelet is discusses friendship when he talks about how two are better than one. What is the essence of true friendship?
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